Samosa: History, Ingredients and Types


The delightful street food is packed with a tantalizing combination of ingredients and is a popular snack throughout the Indian subcontinent and beyond. It is an iconic dish in Indian cuisine that embodies a rich culinary legacy, is known for its crispy crust and tasty filling. In this article, we’ll look at the origins of samosas, their appeal throughout India, the unique qualities of the item from Kolkata, the key components needed to make them, and the numerous varieties that are most common there.

What are Samosas?

In India and other areas of the world, they are a well-liked snack and starter. A thin, flaky outer layer of dough is used to create these triangle- or cone-shaped pastries. Most often, all-purpose flour, salt, and oil are combined to make the dough, which is then kneaded and stretched into thin sheets.

The distinctive and alluring filling is what makes them unique. The most typical filling is a combination of mashed potatoes, peas, onions, and a variety of fragrant spices, including cumin, coriander, turmeric, and garam masala. But in many parts of the world, there are a lot of regional variations and inventive fillings.

Read More: Check out the Rolls of Kolkata!

What is the History of Samosas?

The famous street food have a long history that can be linked to the Middle East, more especially to the area that includes present-day Iraq, Iran, and Afghanistan. It is thought that this area is where the “sambusak” or “sanbusaj,” a predecessor to the it, first appeared. The sambusak was a pastry that was either baked or fried and had a variety of ingredients, including meat, cheese, veggies, and spices. Around the 13th or 14th century during the Middle Ages, trade networks linking Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent brought it to the Indian subcontinent.

Why are they so Popular in India?

In India, singaras are extremely well-liked for a number of reasons. First of all, their enormous versatility makes it possible to create countless combinations of fillings, spices, and flavors. Singaras can be filled with a variety of ingredients, from the traditional potato and pea filling to creative concoctions like paneer (Indian cottage cheese), chicken, or minced pork. 

Second, because they are inexpensive, samosas are available to people from all socioeconomic backgrounds. The street food is widely available throughout the nation and frequently served sizzling hot and fresh, from street sellers to fine dining establishments. Their popularity as a go-to snack or appetizer for individuals of all ages is largely due to their accessibility and affordability.

samosa india

How are Singaras of Kolkata Different from Those of Other Parts?

The singaras of Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal in Eastern India, have their own distinctive qualities that set them different from the food found in other regions of India.


One distinguishing feature of Kolkata’s singara is their form. In contrast to other parts of India where the item is often cone-shaped, singaras from Kolkata are more flat and triangular in shape. They have a distinctive visual appeal due to their flatter top and wider base.


The customary potato and pea filling prevalent in other locations is not the filling used in Kolkata. A spicy mixture of mashed potatoes, fried cashews, raisins, and occasionally even shredded coconut is a common ingredient in Kolkata. Singaras from Kolkata have a distinctive sweet and tangy twist that contrasts with the savory flavors of the item from other parts.


In particular, Kolkata is well known for its “singara” variety. Samosas and singaras are similar, however singaras have a completely different filling. They are stuffed with a spicy lentil mixture rather than potatoes. Singaras are frequently consumed along with the customary potato singara during Durga Puja, a significant event in West Bengal.


The item is frequently served in Kolkata with unusual side dishes. The inclusion of aloo dum, a hot potato curry, is a well-liked match since it provides another level of flavor and improves the whole taste experience.

The distinctive tastes and varieties of Kolkata’s samosas are a reflection of regional culinary influences and preferences. The blend of savory and sweet contents, as well as the flat triangular shape, add to Kolkata’s rich and varied culinary tradition and make its samosas a special culinary treat.

samosa ingredients

Ingredients You Need for Making Samosas

You’ll need the following ingredients to create samosas:

Making the dough

  • 2 cups all-purpose flour- This multipurpose flour is used to create the samosas’ pastry shells.
  • Salt, 1/4 teaspoon- Gives the dough flavor.
  • 2 tablespoons oil- Aids in giving the samosas a crispy texture.
  • Water- Water is added during kneading to help the dough become smooth and flexible.

When filling

  • Potatoes- Boiling and mashing three to four medium-sized potatoes gives the filling’s base a substantial and creamy texture.
  • Peas- Peas, either fresh or frozen, make the filling more flavorful and give it more texture.
  • Onion- One tiny onion, diced finely, improves the flavor and lends a touch of sweetness.
  • Green Chilly- A couple of finely chopped green chilies give the filling a spicy kick.
  • Ginger- Garlic Paste- One teaspoon of ginger-garlic paste gives the filling a flavorful, aromatic boost.
  • Turmeric powder- Gives the filling a bright yellow color.

Depending on your dietary requirements and personal tastes, these substances can be changed and customized. Samosas can be customized by adding or changing ingredients and experimenting with various flavors and textures.


What are the Types of Samosas Now Prevalent in the City?

Along with the classic potato samosas and singaras, new varieties of samosas have become more popular in Kolkata. Here are a few typical types:

  • Chicken Samosa- The stuffing for this variety consists of minced chicken, onions, and a mixture of flavorful spices.
  • Vegetable Samosa- Samosas loaded with a variety of colourful veggies, including carrots, beans, maize, and bell peppers, make a delicious vegetarian choice.
  • Paneer Samosa- Indian cottage cheese, or paneer, is the main component of this type of samosa. Cheese fans will like the filling made from the creamy, silky paneer and spices.
  • Cheese Corn Samosa- The richness of cheese is combined with the sweetness of corn in this fusion dish, the Cheese Corn Samosa. A samosa that is bursting with flavour and textures is the end result.


Due to their lengthy history, wide variety of fillings, and crispy texture, samosas have solidified their place in Indian cuisine. Samosas have developed to accommodate a wide range of tastes and preferences, from their Middle Eastern roots to the unique flavours found in Kolkata. Samosas’ continued appeal in India is due to their adaptability, affordability, and cultural significance.

Samosas continue to enthral food aficionados with their tempting flavours and classic charm, whether they are consumed as street food, party appetisers, or festival delights. Enjoy the fusion of history, culture, and culinary prowess that this famous snack reflects the next time you enjoy a samosa.

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